Meaning of Health and Wellness
Take charge of your health and be on the path to wellness. Health and wellness mean the ability to live life fully with vitality and meaning. Wellness is optimal health and vitality, encompassing physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, interpersonal and social, and environmental well-being (Fahel, Insel & Roth, 2007). Prevention is always better than cure. People now have a greater awareness about their own health and about taking care of their bodies.
We can all make lifestyle choices that can minimise the risks for chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases. Smoking is one of the leading preventable causes of death and it is followed by poor diet and inactivity. We can choose to follow a healthy lifestyle that would increase the quality and years to our lives.
A lifestyle based on good choices and healthy behaviors maximises the quality of life. It helps people avoid diseases, remain strong and fit and maintain their physical and mental health as long as they live.
Nutrition as a Healthy Choice
One of the choices for holistic health and wellness is proper nutrition. The food choices you make will significantly influence your health throughout your life. Choosing a healthy diet helps to support maximum fitness and to protect against lifestyle diseases. You have total control over your diet so you need to choose foods wisely to ensure maximum health.
The body requires protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. A diet containing adequate amounts of all essential nutrients is vital because various nutrients provide energy, build and maintain body tissues and regulate body functions. Below is a table with the six classes of essential nutrients.